For Burgundy as a whole, the Grands and Premiers Crus account for about 12% of all the wine produced. Village wines account for 23%, and less prestigious appellations account for the bulk of the produce, approximately 65%.
The Grands Crus vineyards, capable of producing the finest wines in the world and number approximately forty, they are situated only in Chablis and the Côte d'Or. The Premier Cru designation may apply to wines from these regions, and also the Côte Chalonnaise.
Premier Cru wines are theoretically superior to the standard village wines. Village and sub-village appellations are widely spread throughout Burgundy. The sub-village appellations aren’t as prestigious but can produce outstanding wines.